Theosophy Cardiff

Glastonbury

Abbey

Chronology

 

Glastonbury, Somerset, England.

 

 

Glastonbury Abbey

 

 

43 Roman Invasion of Britain

 

63 Traditional Building of The Old Church

Possible foundation of the first Christian community at Glastonbury by Joseph of Arimathea

 

410 Romans leave Britain

443 Probable Visit of St. Patrick

449 Coming of the Angles, Saxons and Jutes to Britain

540 Carbon date for the occupation levels on Glastonbury Tor

 

600 Carbon date for the Vallum Monasterii

 

664 The Synod of Whitby

712 First stone church built by King Ine

 

836 Viking raids in Southwest

843 King Alfred burns the cakes at Athelney

940 Ine's church is lengthened by Dunstan who also builds the Cloisters

Dunstan is Abbot

967 King Edmund is buried in the Abbey

 

963 to 973 Dunstan is made Archbishop of Canterbury, his reforms culminate in the Regularis Concordia adopted at the Council of Winchester

975 King Edgar the Peaceable is buried in the Abbey

 

988 Dunstan dies and is buried in Canterbury Cathedral

 

1066 Battle of Hastings

 

1077 Stone church is demolished and replaced by a larger Norman church by Abbot Thurstin.

Abbot Thurstin is dismissed after his soldiers kill monks by the High Altar.

 

1096 First Crusade to the Holy Land

 

1100 to 1118

Abbot Herlewin demolishes the Norman church and builds another on a grander scale

Abbot Herlewin

 

1125

The Cloisters, Bell Tower, Chapter House, Refectory, Infirmary, Outer Gate, Brewery and Stables are built

Abbot Henry of Blois

William of Malmesbury completes his history of the Abbey, "De Antiquitate Glastonie Ecclesie"

Martydom of Thomas a Becket at Canterbury

1184 Great fire destroys the Abbey including the Old Church

 

1186 The Lady Chapel is consecrated on the site of the Old Church

King Henry II puts his chancellor, Ralph Fitzstephen in charge of rebuilding the monastery

 

1189 Work starts on building the East end of the Great Church

Third Crusade to the Holy Land led by King Richard I; Richard the Lionhearted

1191 King Arthur and Guinevere's tombs reputedly found in the cemetery

 

1195 Start of a 24 year feud between the Abbey and the Bishop of Bath and Wells

 

1213 The Great Church is consecrated

 

1215 King John signs the Magna Carta

 

1274 to 1291

The Choir of the Great Church is completed, the Galilee Chapel and West end of the Nave are built.

Abbot John of Taunton

Visit to the Abbey by King Edward I and Queen Eleanor to attend reburial of King Arthur's bones in front of the High Altar.

 

1323 to 1331

Lodgings for 8 secular priests are built to the North of the Lady Chapel

Abbot Adam of Sodbury

 

1337 The start of the 100 Years War between England and France

1342 to 1348

The Choir of the Great Church is extended by two bays

Abbot Walter of Monington

The Black Death kills one third of the population of England

1375 to 1415

The Cloisters are rebuilt

Abbot John Chinnock

The Archbishop of Canterbury visits the Abbey and notes the dissolute life of the monks

Chaucer writes "The Canterbury Tales"

The Battle of Agincourt

1420 to 1456

The Abbot's Kitchen is built, as are the Bishop's Quarters and the wall around the Abbey precinct

Abbot Nicholas Frome

Joan of Arc is burned at the stake as a heretic

1455 to 1492

Abbot John Selwood rebuilds the Parish Church of St. John the Baptist and the Pilgrim Inn

The Wars of the Roses

Columbus discovers the West Indies

1493 to 1524

St. Patrick's Almshouses are built north of the Lady Chapel.

St. Joseph's Chapel is created in the crypt of the Lady Chapel.

Edgar Chapel and Loretto Chapel are built

Abbot Richard Beere

King Henry VII visits the Abbey

Martin Luther challenges the sale of indulgences, an act seen as the start of the Reformation

1534 to 1538

Abbot Richard Whiting

Abbot Whiting signs the Act of Supremacy

Act of Supremacy is passed

First Act of Supression is passed

The Second Act of Supression is passed

1539 The Dissolution of Glastonbury Abbey

 

1539 The Abbey buildings are ransacked and all valuables sold or removed to the King's treasury.

Abbot Whiting is hanged on Glastonbury Tor

 

1560 A colony of weavers is established on the Abbey site

 

1908 Consolidation and repair of the ruined Abbey begins. The Abbey ruins are purchased by the Bath and Wells Diocesan Trust

 

 

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